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一线|美国人撤梯子 中国“芯”如何化危为机

发布时间: 2017-04-25 14:49 来源:老时时彩_老时时彩官网-「官网_Welcome」  作者: 老时时彩找by中青报

    xianrumeiguojinshouxinpianxuanwozhongdezhongxingtongxun,jizhongguoxinxijishuchanyeqiaoxianglejingzhong,yejiekailezhongguode“xinbing”。

老时时彩    jinri,meiguoshangwubuxuanbujiangjinzhimeiguogongsixiangzhongguoitqiyezhongxingtongxunxiaoshoulingbujian、shangpin、ruanjianhejishu7nian,liyoushizhongxingweifanlemeiguoxianzhixiangyilangchushoumeiguojishudezhicaitiaokuan。yixiliejinshouzhong,duizhongxingyingxiangzuidadeshixinpian。

    duici,zhongxingdongshizhangyinyiminyu4yue20ribiaoshi,meiguodejinlingkenengdaozhizhongxingtongxunlikejinru“xiuke”zhuangtai,duigongsi8wanmingyuangongjibianbuquanqiudeyunyingshangkehu、shuyiyijidezhongduanxiaofeizhezaochengzhijiesunhai。lingjumeitibaodao,meiguoshangwubuyu4yue21ritoulu,yijingpizhunlezhongxingtongxuntigonggengduocailiaodeqingqiu。

    zaixinpianbandaotilingyu,guochanxinpiansuozhanshichangfenejiaodi,youqishizhonggaoduanxinpiangengdi,baokuozhongxingzaineidexuduozhongguoqiyedouyingyongledaliangmeiguoqiyeyanfadejisuanjixinpian。haiguanzongshushujuxianshi,2017nianzhongguojichengdianlunianjinkoueyuehe2601yimeiyuan,zheiyishuzichaoguotongqideshiyoujinkouzonge,dan2017nianjinchukou669yimeiyuan。

    zhenduizheiyi“xinbing”,laoshishicaiguoduonianlaichixutourudaliangrenliwulicaili,chenglilebushaozhenduibandaotixingyedezhengfujijin,danguochanxinpian,youqishitongyongdegaoduanxinpianyanfajinzhanrengjiuhuanman,shichangyingyongzhanbixiao,henduoxinpianxifenlingyuzhangqibeioumeiguojiabakong。zaipcshichang,tongyongcpuxinpiandekaifangshichangbeiwintel(intel+windows)detixibachi,shoujishichangzeyouaatixi(arm+android)zhangwohuayuquan。

    “xinbing”gaizenmezhi?gefangdouzai“zhongxingshijian”zhongxunzhaodaan。

     “芯病”犯了,“芯药”在哪儿

    4yue18riwan,zhongxingtongxunbeimeiguo“jinshou”xiaoxifabudediertian,yichangweiraozhongxinghexinpianliangdaguanjiancierjinjizhaokaideyantaohui,zaiweiyubeijingshizhongguancunkexueyuannanlu6haodezhongguokexueyuanjisuanjishuyanjiusuo(jiancheng“zhongkeyuanjisuansuo”)juxing。

老时时彩    zheishigeteshudedidianheshike。16nianqian,zaizhongkeyuanjisuansuodanshenglezhongguozizhuyanfadecpuxinpian“longxin”,zhijingaisuodezoulangshangrengjizaizhe“longxin”mianshishi,“longxin”jiqiketizudangniandefengguang。erzai16nianhoudejintian,“longxin”dengguochanxinpianbingweihuodeguangfanshichangrenke,shenzhizaimeiguodeyizhijinlingxia,xuduozhongguoqiyedoudanxinhuiyishinanyizhaodaotidaifangan。

    zaizheichangyantaohuishang,yizhangluoliezhe2017nianzhongguojichengdianluchanyexianzhuangdetubiaoyinqilezhuyi,yinweiqizhongdeyixieshujulingrenchumujingxin: zaizhongguodejisuanjixitong、tongyongdianzixitong、tongxinshebei、neicunshebei、xianshijishipinxitongwudaxitongzhong,shejidaodelaoshishicaiqi、gerendiannao、gongyeyingyong、kebianchengluojishebei、shuzixinhaochulishebei、yidongtongxinzhongduan、hexinwangluoshebei、bandaoticunchuqi、gaoqingdianshi、zhinengdianshidengchanpinlingyu,youchaoguoyibanyishangdehexinjichengdianluxinpianguochanlvwei“0”,jibianshiguochanlvzuigaodeyidongtongxinzhongduanchuliqixinpian,zheiyishuziyezhibuguoshi22%。

    这一图表被主办单位:老时时彩_老时时彩官网-「官网_Welcome」

老时时彩    zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshi、zhongguojisuanjixuehuimingyulishizhangliguojiebiaoshi,jingguoduonianfazhan,zhongguoqiyezaixinpianlingyuyiyoubushaojingyanjilei,danxiangbiguojixianjinshuipingrengcunzaibuxiaochaju,zaihenduojutigongzuozhong,guochanxinpianhaibunengtidaiguowaiqiyesuoshengchandexinpian。yixinpianyanfaguochengweili,guochanxinpianshengchandenamigongyihaibushihenwanzheng,yuguowaidexinpiangongyixiangchaliangdai。danzheihaibushizuidadechaju,gengdadewentishi,laoshishicaihaimeiyoudadaojingguojiniannulijiunengganchaodefazhansudu。“zuiguanjiandeshilaoshishicaihaimeizhangwozhudongquan,bushishuonulijinianjiunengganshangde。”

    nandaoguochanxinpianhui“yibuzhuibushang,bubuzhuibushang”?liguojierenwei,zheibushiyinweiguoneixinpianqiyeheyanfarenyuanbunuli,ershiyinweixinpianchanyeliantiaotaizhang,congjiagongshebei,daopeitaoruanyingjian,zaidaoshengchangongyi,douxuyaozhangqijilei。“bushishuoguojiatouqian,zajibaiyi,wentijiujiejuele。”

    “xinpiandeyanfaheshengchanshuipingfanyingleguojiazhengtidekejishuiping。”liguojietixing,zheileishejiguojiakeyanzuijichushilidewenti,bushiyiliangnianjiunengjiejuede,dajiaduixianzhuangyaoyounaixin。

    wangjiayingcengzaizhongxingtongxungongzuo16nian,rujinshigaowenlvshishiwusuohehuoren,zhuanmencongshizhishichanquankaifa、guojibaohuheshichangyunying。zaitakanlai,zheicimeiguodechufashiguojiamaoyibileideyanhua,yuciqianzhongguoqiyezaoyudezhengceezhishileiside,danduizhongxingzheileizhongguokejiqiyeeryan,jiangqidaojingxingzuoyong。“zheicirenjiajiushidaniyixia,exinniyixia,danshinizijiyaoqianga。”

    当地时间4月18日,全球机器人博览会在西班牙马德里举行。视觉中国供图

    持续投入多年,芯片国产化为何进展缓慢

    shishishang,duonianlailaoshishicaiguoduiguochanxinpiandeyanfaheyingyongjinxingledaliang、chixudetouru。“shisanwu”guihuaqijian,laoshishicaiguodiyiciyishichanghuatouzidexingshituidongbandaotichanyeliandefazhan,chenglitouzijijinguojiajichengdianluchanyetouzijijingufenyouxiangongsi,yizhijierugufangshiduiguoneibandaotiqiyejiyucaizhengzhichihuoxiezhugoubingguojidachang。

老时时彩    jibianruci,xinpianguochanhuarengranjinzhanhuanman。zheishiweishenmeni?

    zhongkeyuanjisuansuoyanjiuyuan、boshishengdaoshibaoyungangrenwei,zhongguodebandaotichanyeyihandicuoguoleyigehuangjinniandai。muqianguojibandaotixingyejutoujihudouzaishanggeshijiqibashiniandaiqibu,yongmanzhangdeshijianhejuliangderencaitouruhuanlaijintiandejishujilei。

    shishishang,lishuquanqiu,zhiyoumeiguoyoujiegouwanzhengdejisuanjichanye,yingguo、hanguo、deguo、faguodouzhishigeyousuozhang。erzaixinpianbandaotizheigechanyeliantiaofeichangzhangdelingyu,laoshishicaiguohaiquefawanshandeshangyougongying。

老时时彩    daliandongruanxinxixueyuanfujiaoshouzhangyongfenggaosujizhe,guochanxinpiandeshengjihuandaizhuyaoyikaoshengchangongyiheedagongju(xinpianshejifuzhuruanjian、kebianchengxinpianfuzhushejiruanjian、xitongshejifuzhuruanjiandengsanlei)dejinbu,danzheixieshangyougongjudadoubeiguowaiqiyezhangwo。

老时时彩    yijiagonggaoduanxinpiansuoyaoyongdaodejiduanjingzhundezhaoxiangji——guangkejiweili。guangkejidejingdujuedinglexinpiandejingdushangxian,ergaojingduguangkejizhuyaochanzihelandeasmlheribendenikangyujianengsanjiaqiye,quanqiuzuidingjideguangkejijibenyouasmllongduan。zaishengchangongyifangmian,guojixinpianjutouqiyeyibanjiangxinpianshengchanjiaojihanguodesanxing、zhongguotaiwandiqudetaijidiandengqiyequzuo,zhongguodaluqiyequefaxiangguandejingyanjilei。

老时时彩    “laoshishicaiyibuyiqugenzhebierenzou,danhaishibeiluoxialehenyuan。xianzaideshejiliuchengyuguojidaqiyexianjindecotshejifangfaxiangbichajurengranhenda。”zhangyongfengshuo,keguanxianshidaozhiguoneixinpianqiyeyuguowaijutouxiangbi,zhengtirengchuyushilijiaoruoerqiefensandezhuangtai。

    beijinghuashengtianchenggufenyouxiangongsidongshizhangjianzongcaiwangweihanggaosujizhe,xinpianbandaotixingyejuyoujigaodeshichangjizhongdu,erguoneixinpianqiyeshilijiaoruo,fenbujiaoweifensan,nanyiyingduioumeiqiyedetiaozhan。wangweihangchushenweidianzikexueyugongchengzhuanye,qisuochuangbandehuashengtianchenggongsizai2017niantongguojijinshougoutailingweidianzi(shanghai)youxiangongsijin83%deguquan,chengweidangniandierdabandaotishougouan。

老时时彩    shujuxianshi,zaimeiguo,qianshidabandaotishejigongsinianshouruzhanquanxingyebilichaoguo90%;zhongguotaiwanchao80%;danzhongguodaluchanyefenbusuipianhua,zheiyibilizhidadao45.9%。erqie2016nianzhongguojichengdianlushejiqiyecong736jiabaozengzhi1362jia,2017nianzengsuhuiluo,danzongliangyedadaole1380jia。

    zuoweiyixiandexinpianyanfaqiyedefuzeren,tailingweidianzichuangshirenjianceoshengwenjungaosujizhe,xinpianyanfajuyouzhouqizhang、touruda、shicuochengbengaodengtedian,erzheiyuqiyeyinglidexuqiucunzaimaodun。tashuo,xinpianyanfademeigehuanjiedourangyanfarenyuantixindiaodan。biru,zaijinxingshichangdingweishi,wangwanghuiyudaoxinpianshejiyuchanyexuqiubuxiangpipeideqingkuang,erqieyanfaguochengzhongzijinxuqiutebieda,“yiciliupianjiushijibaiwanyuan,yigehenxiaodecuowujiuyaozhonglai。”

    2010nianqianhou,shengwenjunhechuangshituanduihuiguo,zhunbeishejiyanfawulianwangxinpian,dangshidejihuashidao2012nianzuoyoutuixiangshichanghuodelirun。dandangxinpianshejiwanchengzouxiangshichangshi,tamenfaxiandaduoshuwulianwangyingyonghaishitingliuzaigainianshang,bingweixingchengchanyeshengtai,zheiduidangshiyijingmaitoukuganyinianduodechuangyegongsieryanshinanguodekan。

    zenmeban?weileyanghuogongsi,shengwenjundailingtuanduiyifangmianjixutouruyanfaxinyidaixinpian,zuojishuchubei;lingyifangmianjiangyanfadexinpianzuoxieweigaidong,mianxiangxiaofeileidianzichanpintuichufeiwulianwangxinpian。zai2014nianzhiqian,tailingweidianzidezhuyingshourudoushilaizifeiwulianwangxinpianlingyu,yizhidao2014nianzhihou,yingshouzhongdiancaihuidaowulianwangxinpianlingyu。

老时时彩    zaizuiweijiannandeneiliangnian,shengwenjunmudulebushaoxinpiangongsiyinweishichang、tuandui、jishudengyuanyinzuobuxiaqule,“gongsiguandiao,guimosuoxiao”,haiyouyixiexinpianyanfarenyuanzhuanxingquzuohulianwangyingyongruanjian。

    duiyuguochanxinpiandeyanfaheyingyong,liguojierenwei,wulunshiguojiahaishiqiyedouxuyaochixudedinglihenaixin,youqishiguojiaduiguanjianxinpianzhichizhengcebunengzuoyouyaobai。“buyaoliangsanniankanyixia(meichuchengguo),jiubuyaozheigeduiwule,huozhehuanyigebiedefangxiang,zhiduyejinxingdiaozheng,zheigeshibijiaokepade。”

    国产芯片为何没人用

老时时彩    zai4yue18riwanjianlinshizhaokaideluntanshang,xuduozhuanyerenshidoutidao,“longxin”dengguochanxinpianzhengminglaoshishicaiguojibenjubeixinpianshejinengli,danzuidadebuzuzaiyingyongcengmian。“meirenyong”,chengwei“longxin”dengguochanxinpianmianlindelingyigekunjing。

    duiyuzheiyihuati,zhongkeyuanjisuansuoyanjiuyuan、“longxin”chuliqifuzerenhuweiwuzuiyoufayanquan。2001nian,zhongkeyuanqidongleguochanxinpian“longxin”ketizu,rujin“longxin”cpuyixingcheng3gechanpinxilie,erhuweiwudelingyigeshenfenshichengdan“longxin”shangyeyingyonghetuiguangdelongxinzhongkejishuyouxiangongsidezongcai。

老时时彩    juhuweiwujieshao,“longxin”yijingzaibushaolingyuyingyong,jiyulongxincpuzuoyanfadegezhongruanjianrenyuanyijingyouhaojiwan。dandafanweidishangyongguochanxinpianhaishibijiaoman。“youxiedongxishibunengqiangqiude,zhinengtongguoshichanglaituidong。zheiyikuaierzuixuyaodejiushishijian,youkenengshiwunian,yeyoukenengshisannian。”

    zhongguojisuanjixuehui(ccf)lishi、beijingbingxingkejigufenyouxiangongsizongjinglichenjianrenwei,xinpianguochanhuayingyongxuyaoquanshengtailiandezhichi。tajuleyigehenxianshidelizi: jibianshizai“shenwei·taihuzhiguang”chaojijisuanjishangdeyiyanzhengnenglide“shenwei”chuliqi,yemianlinshengtaihuanjingdequeshi,qitatongyongxinpiangengshiruci。

    zaitakanlai,zhengcezhichisuoyaokaolvdeyinsubujinjinshixinpianshichangtuiguangbenshen,haiyouyuxinpianmiqiexiangguanderuanjianqiye、yingyongxingyedeng,zhiyoujiejueshengtaiwenti,cainengzhenzhengjiejue“guochanxinpianmeirenyong”zheiyinanti。

    zhongkeyuanjisuansuoyanjiuyuanhanyinheyoubutongyijian。tarenwei,bandaotichanyeliantiaozhang,ruguoquanchanyeliandizhichi,huidailaihendadecaiwufudan,erqiequanlingyudouzhongdianzhichiweibihuishoudaolixiangxiaoguo。tajianyi,yifangmianzhengquhexinjishudetupo,lingyifangmianzhengquyujingzhengguojinxingcuoweifazhan,xingchengzijidejingzhengchouma。

    raner,shengtaixitongdelaoshishicaibushiyixizhigong,yebushidanchunyikaojishurenyuanjiunengtuidongjiejuede。zuoweibandaotixingyede“laobing”,tongshiyeshiwulianwangxinpianqiyedetouziren,wangweihangzhuyidao,zuijinyouyixietaolundeshengyin: weishenmelaoshishicaizaigongxiangdancheshangkeyi“shaoqian”jishiyiyuan,zaiwaimai、pintuandenglingyu“yizhiqianjin”,quehanjianshichangjigouduixinpiandengjianduankejidedabitouzi?

    wangweihangbiaoshi,xinpiandenghexinkejideyanfabushizibenyouxi,ershixuyaozhangqi、chixudezibentouru,qiemianlinxuduofengxian,meicidejishugengxindiedaidouxudaliangtouzi,“huanyitiao(shengchan)xianjibendoushishiyimeiyuanjidechengben”。zheixiedoushixuduocaiwutouzijigouwangerquebudezhongyaoyuanyin。

老时时彩    “zheibushizibenqudongdeyouxi,shijishuqudongde,laoshishicaixuyaozaichanyeshangjixinpianyanfazhubali。”wangweihangshuo,huashengtianchengtouzitailingweidianzishiyizhanlvetouzizhedejiaosejinrude。youyuchanyeliantiaohenzhang,weilaixinpianbandaotichanyekenengxuyaogengduojuyouchanyeyingyongyoushideqiyejiaru,yifangmianjiyutouzibangzhu,lingyifangmianxingchengchanyeduijie。

老时时彩    ciwai,tayerenwei,xinpiantebieshigaoduanxinpiandeyanfashigaozijinmidudelingyu,zaibutongjieduanxuyaobutongdezibenzhichi。zaixinpianyanfaheyingyongshang,geleichanyejijin、touzijigoudejiaosebuketidai。danenzibenhehuorenliuxurenwei,keyanrenyuanzaixinpianyanfafangmianshizhuanjia,danzaishichangyingyongshanghenrongyipengdaopingjing,erqieduishichangxuqiujingchangchuxianwupan,rongyichansheng“laoshishicaizuochulehaodongxi,weishenmedajiabuyong”deyihuo。

    “neimeduochengxuyuanlimian,hui‘longxin’unixjiagoudeyouduoshao?youduoshaorenyongjava?zheijiushiyigehenzhijiedeanli。”liuxushuo,daduoshushiyanshizouchulaidekexuejialiqiyejiahaiyoujiaoyuanjuli。zaitakanlai,guochanxinpiandeyingyonghaixuyaotouzijigou、shangxiayouqiyegongtongcanyu。“yiqianlaoshishicaizongshishuoyongshichanghuanjishu,weishenmebuyonglaoshishicaizijideshichanghuanlaoshishicaizijidejishuchengzhang?”

    该怎么扶持芯片产业

    zuoweiyixianxinpianyanfarenyuan,shengwenjungandao,zheiyicixinpianxingye“yixiazijiuzhandaolejuguangdengxia”,youcidailaideyalihezerengengzhongle。cengzaimeiguoxinpianqiyegongzuoduoniandejingyangaosuta,zheiciquanminguanzhudeshijianjiangweiguoneixinpianchanyedailaigenggaoguanzhudu,yijixiangguanziyuanhuozhengcedeluodi。

    huweiwuyerenwei,zheishiyigeguochanxinpianxingyezhuanweiweijidejihui。“guoqudajiashuo,‘zijizuodeburumaide,maideburuzude’,danzheijianshiqinggaosulaoshishicai,weiyidebanfakenengjiushipaoqihuanxiang。”tajianyi,laoshishicaiguozhengfukeyiliyongzheicijihui,tongguowanshanzhidu,tuidong“longxin”dengguochanxinpiandeshangyehuayingyong。

老时时彩    wuxijiangnanjisuanjiyanjiusuogaojigongchengshichenghuazuijinjinianyizhizaicongshiguochanguanjianruanyingjiandepingcehezizhukekongdupinggugongzuo。tarenwei,keyitongguocaizhengbutiedexingshilaizhichiguochanxinpiandeyingyongjixiangyingshengtaidelaoshishicai。“zhengfukeyibutiejiadianxiaxiang,weishenmebunengbutiedazaiguochanxinpiandediannaoni?”tayehuyu,jiusuancicijinyunweijijiechu,guochanxinpianyeyaoyoushangzhanchangdeyongqi。“laoshishicaireshenleshijinian,yegaichulaile。”

    zhongguojisuanjixuehuimishuzhangduzidezerenweizheiyangdejianyibutuo。tabiaoshi,zhengfukeyikaolvjiyuxinxingchanyejianmianshuifeidengjilicuoshi,huozheyizhengfucaigoudefangshibangzhuxinpianjixiangguanshengtaiqiyechengzhang。“zhongguo13yirenkou,bujianlizijichanyelianshibuxingde,zheicishimeiguorenjilaoshishicaishangleyijieke。”

    wangweihangzerenwei,caizhengbutie、shuifeijianmiandengzhengceduixinpianchanyedefazhanshichongfentiaojian,danbushibiyaotiaojian。“laoshishicaijuedezhengfuyinggaizhichi,danyaotongguoshichangbazhengfudemudedacheng。”tahuyu,zhengfubumenyaozhenzhengxiazhongshou,bayuanbenfensan、duoerbuqiangdechanyeliliangzuzhiqilai,jiejueyanfaxiaolvdixiadengtizhijizhiwenti。

    zuoweiguanzhujishuchuangxindetouziren,liuxurenweizhengcecengmiankeyifalichanyetouzijijin,yimujijindexingshizhichigengduoshichanghuatouzijigoulaixunzhaokekao、youzhidexinpianjiqishengtaiqiye。ciwai,tayejianyizhengcebuyinggaizhiguanzhuxinpianshejiyanfaqiye,haiyinggaiduichanyelianshangxiayoudeqiyeyibingjiyubangzhu。

    zuoweiguochanxinpianyanfaheyingyongdezhongyaocanyuzhe,huweiwuxiwang,zaijiadazizhuyanfalidudetongshi,zhengcenenggoukaolvbangzhuzhongguodexinpianqiyehuodegengduogengxindiedaidejihui。tadalegebifang: oumeixinpianchangshangzaoyizhanzaierlou,zhongguoqiyexuyaopashangqu,cainengyuzhipingdengduihua,ercicimeiguoduizhongxingjinshouxinpian,xiangdangyubatizichediaole。“meiyoulouti,keyikaolvjiyigenshengzi。”

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