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热点|NPE出没 创新企业如何应对?

发布时间: 2017-04-18 20:38 来源:老时时彩_老时时彩官网-「官网_Welcome」  作者: 老时时彩找by中青报 李晨赫 莫昕楠

  随着经济全球化进程的不断深入,知识产权已成为国家发展的战略性资源和国际竞争力的核心要素。近年来,专利大战在唤醒各国知识产权保护意识的同时,也炒热了一种叫做 NPE的专利经营模式。

  当一名长跑运动员准备反超时,有时调整好自己的节奏比超越别人更重要。

老时时彩  yigeguojiadekejichuangxinyeshiruci。jingguoduoniandefazhan,laoshishicaiguozaiyixielingyudekejichuangxinzhengyougenpaoweizhuzhuanxiangbingpaohuozhelingpao。yucitongshi,zhishichanquanbaohuwentixiandegengweizhongyao。

  jinqi,wurenjilingyudejijiaqiyeguanyuzhuanlidejiufenhesuqiu,shoudaobushaoguanzhu。zhuanlisusonghuiduichuangxinchanshengzenyangdeyingxiang?suizhechuangxindebuduanfazhan,zhongguoyinggairuhelvshunkejichuangxinheshichangyingyongdeguanxi?

  “专利流氓”,企业不堪其扰?

  2017nianniandi,shenzhenshidajiangchuangxinkejiyouxiangongsi(yixiajianchengdajiang)songleyikouqi。tamenduigaoyu(beijing)zhinengkejiyanjiuyuanyouxiangongsi(xiachenggaoyugongsi)tiqidewurenjizhuanlixiliewuxiaoxuangaoqingqiu,huodeguojiazhishichanquanjuzhuanlifushenweiyuanhui(yixiajianchengzhuanlifushenwei)tongguo。zheijiushiyeneichangshuodegaoyugongsidezhuanli“beiwuxiaodiaole”。

  jiashangciqianlingduzhikong(beijing)zhinengkejiyouxiangongsi(yixiajianchenglingdu)、guangzhouyihangzhinengjishuyouxiangongsi(yixiajianchengyihang)zhenduigaoyutiqidewuxiaoxuangaoqingqiu,jiezhi2017nian12yue29ri,zhuanlifushenwei(zhenduigaoyugongsi)gongjizuochu23gewuxiaoxuangaojueding。

  zaigongtongdeduishoumianqian,cengjingjiuqinfanshiyongxinxingzhuanlijiufenduibugongtangdelingduhedajiangchengweizhanyou。cong2016nian9yuekaishi,gaoyugongsiduilingduhejingdongdeqinquansusonggong5jian,suihou4jianbeipanzhuanliquanbuwuxiao。bujiu,dajiangyouduigaizhuanlijinxingleerciwuxiaorending,zuihoudejieguoshiquanbuwuxiao。

  作为国内消费级无人机的领军企业,大疆密集“无效”高域公司专利的背后,是后者对前者批量的专利诉讼。零度和亿航也不例外。高域公司是一家注册于北京的科技公司,经营范围为技术开发、技术转让、技术老时时彩、技术咨询等业务。前主营专利转让业务等,没有实体产品。这类企业常被称为NPE( non-practicing entity,非实施实体,只做专利转让)。

  npezicongzaimeiguodanshengyilaijiuyizhibaoshouzhengyi。npebushishizhuanli,tongguoduizhuanlijinxingzhuanrang、konggaojingzhengduishouzhuanliqinquandengfangshihuoli,zaiyixiedifang,npedeshouruyaochaoguozhuanlishishishiti,yinciyourenbanpehezhuanliliumang(patent troll)huadenghao。chuangjianyu2000niande“gaozhifaming”shizuiyoumingdenpezhiyi,yeshizhengzhaduonian,xiwangxituo“zhuanliliumang”emingdegongsi。

  dajiangzhishichanquanbucuimingyuangaosuzhongguoqingnianbao·zhongqingzaixianjizhe,zaitamenyudaodeanjianzhong,feishishishitideqiyefaqizhuanlisusongdechengbenyibanlaishuobijiaodi,erbeisuqiyeyingduizheizhongsusongdechengbenzebiyuangaogaohenduo。“mei10geanzi,yuangaozhigoumaiyigechanpinquqisu,pingtandaomeigeanzishangkenengzhiyoujibaiyuandechengben。duilaoshishicailaishuojiubuyiyangle,zhishaolaoshishicaiquwuxiaotadezhuanlixuyaojiao1500yuandao3000yuandefeiyong,haiyaolangfeiyidingderenliquyingduizheigeshiqing。”

老时时彩  dangaoyugongsifarendaibiaowangqilinbiaoshi,weiquandechengbenqishihengao。gedikaitingtadouyaoqinziqianwang,jihuichengbenheshijianchengbendouhengao。yigeyongyoujishirenzhishichanquantuanduidedaqiyekenengkanbushangdechengben,xiaoqiyechengdanqilaibingbuqingsong。

  cuimingyuanzebiaoshi,ciqiandajiangheqitachangshangyedaguoguansi。“jiaruyoushangnazhuanlilaigaolaoshishicai,laoshishicaikeyixuanzenazhuanligaohuiqu,yinweilaoshishicaidezhuanlichubeishibijiaoduode。zheiyangyoushanglaigaolaoshishicaizhiqian,tamenhaishihuidianliangyixiade,bushizaihenbiyaodeqingkuangxia,tamenbuhuiqingyitiqizhuanlisusong。danduigaoyuzheiyangdegongsi,jiushitakeyigaolaoshishicai,danshilaoshishicaimeiyoubanfaduiqijinxingzhiheng。”

  zheizhongqingkuangbingfeiduyou。lingdufangmianbiaoshi,zheibingbushilingdudiyiciyingduizhuanlisusong。danzhiqiandesusongdoushishitigongsizhijiandesusong,yunpezhijiandesusongshidiyici。zheicidesusongranglingdushifenjingti,yinweitamenrenwei,duifangbushengchanheyanfarenhechanpin,qiyewufaduiqijinxingfansu,erbudebubadaliangrenliwulihuazaiyingsuwuxiaodenggongzuoshang。

  cuimingyuanshuo,2016nian6yuekaishibeigaoyugongsifaqiqinquansusonghou,“laoshishicaixuyaojiangbenlaikeyiyongyuchuangxindejingli,laiyingduizheigeshiqing。”tashuo,dajiangdezhishichanquantuanduijibenkeyiduliyingduizheigeshiqing,ruguoshiyixiezhishichanquantuanduibuwanbeidegongsiyudaozheizhongqingkuang,tamenjiuyaoweituolvsuoqufuzewuxiaojisusongdexiangguanshiyi,feiyonghuixiangdanganggui。cuimingyuanjieshao,weituolvsuoyingduiyijianzhuanlisusonganzidechengbenshaoshuoyexuyao10~20wanyuan。yigaoyususongdajiangqinquande31geanziweili,weituolvsuochulikenengzhishaoyaohuawuliubaiwanyuan。

  gaoyugongsizaiqiguanwangshangzhenduibutongwurenjilingyudezhuanlitichulezhuanrangjiage。liruwurenjikuaidijichuzhuanlizhuanrangjiage100wanyuanqi,xukejiagekexieshangqueding。cuimingyuanshuo,npezaimeiguobijiaoduo,dabufenmeiguonpeyunyinggongsihuishougouyixieyoujiazhidezhuanli,jiangyoujiazhidezhuanlixukejikehuhuozhezixingfaqisusong。ermeiguotongguohenduopanlijianlilebuhelisusongdelvshifeizhuanyiguize、duizhuanliqinquanandeqisudijinxingxianzhideguizedengtiaokuan。erxianxingzhongguofalvguiding,zhiyaofuhefalvguidingdeqisutiaojian,jiukeyifaqizhuanliqinquansusong,meiyouduishejinpedesusongzuochutebieguiding。zheikenengjiqiyedailaibushaozhuanlisusong。

  lingduzhishichanquanbujingliliangxiuminrenwei,zhongguomuqiandefalvduibaohushitiqiyemianshounpeganraodetebiezhengceshibugoude,jinjinzhizhengnpeeyisusongkenengjiumianlinzhengjubuzudengduogekunnan。liangxiuminshuo,xiwangguojiazhishichanquanjuzaijinxingshizhishenchashi,nenggouzhongdianshenchazhuanlijishudekeshishixing,jijishuneironggongkaibuchongfendengwenti。tongshiqipanfayuanzaiqinquananjianshenpanzhongnengchongfenkaolvdaoyishangjidian,chongfenbaohushitiqiye,dizhiluansuxingwei。

  “‘zhuanliliumang’zheigeshuofazuichuyuanyumeiguo,xianzaiyijingbeimeiguofalvjinzhile。zaiguoneizheigeciyongyuxuanchuanbijiaoqianxianyidong,beishuoxiguanleyemeizhe,henwunai。”wangqilinshuo,zhuanliliumangdewaiyanshihenbujingzhunde。ruguoyongzhuanliliumangdekoujingquxuanchuan,henrongyiwushangdaobaokuodaxueheyanjiusuozaineideyixiezhuti,yijiguoneituixingdezhuanlilianmeng、yixiezhuanliyunpingtai。

  NPE究竟是创新的加速器还是绊脚石

老时时彩  “wanghaizuichudajiadeshihou,meishenmerenyuanyidajia,dangshizheizhongzuofayouyixiezhengmianyiyi。”wangqilinshuo,zaifalvkuangjiaxia,zuoweipingdengdexingquanzhuti,duizhenggexingyenaizhishehuideyiyidouhennanjiang。

  王琦琳说,专利价值不能只体现在申报、资助、评奖上,到底值多少钱要在转让过程中通过市场价值体现。只有让企业愿意在创新上投入、保护专利,才能帮助整个行业的发展。

  beidafaxueboshi、zhishichanquanlvshihuhonggaosuzhongguoqingnianbao·zhongqingzaixianjizhe,conggongsihezuzhicengmianlaishuo,npebingbushi“liumang”gongsidedaimingci。yisuodaxue、zhuanmenyunyingzhuanlidejigoudeng,doukeyishinpe。shehuitaolunbijiaoduodeshizhuanmenweilesusongeryunyingdetoujixingnpe。

老时时彩  “jishiyigenpeshitoujidechanwu,zhiyaoshoushangzhuanliyouxiao,bulunshitiqisusong,haishiyaoqiushijishiyongzhuanlideqiyequfufei,doushizaifalvyunxufanweineijinxingdehefaxingwei,yaokeguankandai。”huhongshuo,shehuizhisuoyibutichangzheizhongxingwei,shiyinweitoujixingnpejishengchanqiyedailailehendakunrao,langfeilefayuan、zhuanlifushenweiyuanhuijimeitiguanzhudengshehuiziyuan。zheihezhuanlizhidubenshenshixiangbeide。

  “专利是赋予企业一定时间的垄断,希望企业获益重新回到研发本身,获得更大的受益。”胡洪说,普通情况下的许可和转让,是让专利“活起来”的办法,让需要的企业购买专利进行实际生产,这样的NPE对社会是有好处的。

老时时彩  huhongrenwei,huodeshouquanzhihou,nperuheshiyongzhuanliwukehoufei。danzaishouquanzhiqian,shenmeyangdezhuanlikeyijiyushouquan,shiyinggaiyougenggaodemenjiande。congtadecongyejinglilaikan,shichangshangzhuanlishuipingcanchabuqi,zhongguozhuanlishenchaduishiyongxinxingzhuanlihewaiguanshejizhuanlishenchabijiaokuansong。zhiyoutigaoshenchabiaozhunheqiangdu,rangzhiliangdidezhuanlibunenggoubeishouquan,cainengbaohuqiyemianshounpesaorao。

  mianduishehuishangyixie“zhuanlizhiliangdicaizaisusongzhongbeidaliangwuxiao”dezhikong,wangqilinshuo,zhuanlizhiliangzhiyouyeneirenxinlicaiyoushu。tazaizhuanlipingshenweiyuanhuigongzuoqijian,tongyangdeyipianshenqing,takenengyounenglixiechengjieranbutongdeliangzhongjielun。yinweizhuanlipanduanbenshenshijuyouhenqiangzhuguanxingdexingwei。tashuo,dajiangsuoweidegaozhiliangzhuanli,zaitakanlai,hegaoyuzhangwodezhuanlizhiliangshichabuduode。

  “虽然高校和科研院所也可以行权,但很多时候因为各种原因不去行权。”王琦琳说,专业化的专利运营公司对他们是个很好的补充。

老时时彩  zainpefazhanlishigengzhangdemeiguo,yijiajiaozuorpxdegongsiyingyunersheng。gongsishouxizhixingguanhelianhechuangshirenyuehan·amusitecengbiaoshi,zaishenrufenxilenpedeyunyingmoshijizhuanlishichanghou,chengliyu2008nianderpxgongsijiangzishendingweiwei“tongguoshichangjizhi,jinxingfangyuxingzhuanlishougou,bangzhukehujiangdilaizinpedezhuanlifengxianjixiangguanchengben”dejigou,zheiyuanbizaifatingzhengsongzhonghuodezhuanlixukegengjingjishihuihexunsuyouxiao。rpxgongsihuitongguoshichangfenxi,tiqian、zhudonggoumaiyixiejuyouqianzaisusongfengxiandezhuanli,yibimiannpehuodegaizhuanlibingtiqisusong。

老时时彩  goumaizhuanlixuyaodaliangdezijin,rpxgongsijiejuezijindefangshishihuiyuanfufei。huiyuanzhiyaozhifuyidingdefeiyong,jiukeshiyongrpxgongsidezhuanli。jiezhi2016nian,rpxgongsiyoubaokuopingguo、sanxing、guge、weiruan、yamaxun、suonidengzhongduoguojizhimingqiyezaineide250duojiahuiyuanqiye。tongguohuiyuanjujidezijin,rpxgongsikeyiyijiaogaodejiagemaixiakehurenweijuyougaofengxiandezhuanli。juxi,rpxgongsimeinianpingjunhuazaigoumaizhuanlishangdefeiyonggaoda1.25yimeiyuan。jiezhi2015nianniandi,rpxgongsishougoulechaoguo1.5wanjianzhuanli,tamentigongdeshujuxianshi,tamenbangzhukehubimianbingjieshengchaoguo32yimeiyuandefalvfeiyongzhichujihejiejinzhichu。

老时时彩  youguandianrenwei,yinggaizhendui“liumang”npegongsizhidingyangezhengce,shideqibugansuibianduiqiyefaqisusong,baohuqiyedechuangxin。huhongshuo,zheishiliangzhongjiazhidexuanze。tarenwei,ruguonpehuodeshouquanqieweibeiwuxiao,jiushiyouquanlide,chuyuchengxuzhengyidekaolv,qiquanlidehouxuxingshixingweisihubuyingbeiguoduoxianzhi。

  zhishichanquanfafaxueboshi、zhongguoshekeyuanfaxuesuofuyanjiuyuanyangyanchaozejianyi,chuyudashujuherengongzhinengshidaidejintian,huoxukeyitongguojiyuduiyifashenganlidefenxichulilaiyufangbingyingdui“zhuanliliumang”。haikeyitianjiayujinggongneng,shijiqirenkeyizaiguangfandezhuanlishujukuzhongduijishuxiangguanxingjiaoqiangdezhuanlisuodinggenzong,danggaizhuanliquanzhuanyidaoyou“zhuanliliumang”xianyidezhutishoushangshi,zidongweixiangguanqiyefachuxinhao,shiqizaibeiqisuqiandezhixiaoxi,xianfazhiren。

  中国企业做好长期和NPE作战的准备了吗

  杨延超今年1月为媒体撰文指出,虽然“专利流氓”在中国产生的影响远不及美国,但已有一些中国企业受到“专利流氓”的侵扰。根据Patent Freedom的统计,华为和联想在2012年均遭遇了13起由“专利流氓”公司发起的诉讼,而仅2013年上半年,华为所遭遇的这类诉讼案件就上升到15件。

  杨延超介绍,“专利流氓”一词起源于1993年的美国,用于形容那些忙于提起专利诉讼的公司,它们在美国仍然十分活跃。老时时彩据统计,仅2012年在美国由“专利流氓”发起的专利侵权诉讼就有约2500件,占同年美国专利侵权案件的60%以上,2013年更是达3000件以上。随着技术日益更迭,“专利流氓”现象蔓延至欧洲、日韩等地,老时时彩国在经济一体化的趋势下不可避免地受到不同程度的骚扰。

  杨延超说,美国作为“专利流氓”的发源地,也是目前为止受其影响最大的一个国家。“专利流氓”之所以得以生存和发展,一方面和美国知识产权运营行为活跃有关。老时时彩美国较早地建立了知识产权制度,企业也拥有较强的知识产权意识,因此也具有很强的专利运用能力,美国很多公司凭借其娴熟的专利运营技能获得了十分可观的利润。另一方面,很大程度上是因为此类诉讼应诉需要耗费巨大的成本,并且会面临较高的风险,美国陪审团审判结果的不确定性和不可预测性也使得被告更倾向于选择和解,从而为“专利流氓”提供了生存的空间和土壤。

  事实上,所谓的“专利流氓”在老时时彩国也不是新鲜事。早在2007年中国就有多家彩电公司受到“专利流氓”的侵扰,它们名义上打着专利许可的旗号,实际是以专利作为敲诈中国彩电企业的工具。老时时彩2008年,中国海尔、创维、东信等企业在德国参加国际消费电子展会,就被提起专利侵权诉讼,企业所有的参展产品都被禁止参展。

  juxi,weiledaji“zhuanliliumang”dexingwei,cong2011nianbanbu《meiguofamingfaan》kaishi,meiguodui“zhuanliliumang”shishileduozhongxianzhi,baokuojinzhizaidanyisusongzhongzhuanggaoduogeqinquanduixiang;jiaruqisubeibohui,beigaokeyiyaoqiuyuangaozhifususongfeiyong;gaibianlelvshifeiyongdefenpeijizhi,shidezhuanliquanren(yuangao)baisubingbeipanjuechengdanduifanglvshifeiyongdekenengxingdadazengjia;duizhuanliqinquananqisudiyuguanxiaguizezuochudiaozhengdengshouduan,buduantigaozhishichanquanlingyubuhelisusongdechengbenhemenjian。hanguoyuribenzetongguojinzhibenguogaoxiao、keyanjigou、chuangxintuantixiang“zhuanliliumanggongsi”chushou、zhuanrangzhuanlidengfangshijinxingdaji。

  “老时时彩不是挑软柿子捏,不拿出来用的专利才是耍流氓。”王琦琳说,需求都是市场逼出来的,他所了解或经手的专利转让企业,最多的一年可以达到上万起。“老时时彩干这些事挣不了多少钱,老时时彩干专利工作这么多年,还是有点情结, 专利价值要得到体现。

老时时彩  liangxiuminshuo,suizhezhongguojingjidefazhan,zhongguoqiyedeyanfanengliheshichangjingzhenglibuduanzengqiang。zheiweinpedeshengzhangtigongleturang。er2017nianguoneijigeqinquananpanpeieduzaichuangxingao,npezhujianhuoyue。

  梁秀敏说,虽然目前高域公司要求的赔偿额并不高(对零度只有20万元的诉求),但一些不具有内部侵权无效处理能力的国内企业,面对侵权无效的高额律师费有可能选择与NPE和解。老时时彩她说,零度和大疆选择与NPE正面交锋,因为这两家企业有内部处理案件的能力,成本相对低,不想助长NPE的气焰。

  “laoshishicaigerenrenweizhongguoshiyigezhongdezhongdaodeguojia,npenantaoyulunyali,danzhongguoqiyedequexuyaozuohaozhangqizuozhandezhunbei。”liangxiuminshuo。

  你对NPE有什么样的见解与看法?

  欢迎在留言处和老时时彩互动老时时彩!

  zuozhe: zhongguoqingnianbao·zhongqingzaixianjizhe lichenhe shixisheng moxinnan

  zhizuo: chenxinge

  bianji: ningdi

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